Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Universals: universals are expressions for what objects may have in common, e.g. a certain color. Examples for universals are redness, roundness, difference, value. The ontological status of universals as something independent of thought - that is, their existence - is controversial. Nevertheless it is undisputed that we form terms for generalization and successfully use them. See also general terms, general, generalization, ontology, existence, conceptual realism, realism, ideas, participation, sortals, conceptualism, nominalism.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon:
Bertrand Russell
IV 44/45
Universals/Knowledge/Russell: all knowledge of truths requires an acquaintance with "things" which are significantly different from the sensory data: universals. - E.g. "blackness", "diversity", "brotherhood" - each sentence must contain at least one universal. - Because the meaning of all verbs is general.
IV 82
Universals/Russell: everything that is not denoted by proper names: what nouns, adjectives, prepositions and verbs stand for. - Therefore, there must be a universal in each sentence. - Most authors VsRussell.
IV 88
Russell: universals have to be objects, because we can think of them repeatedly.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

R I
B. Russell/A.N. Whitehead
Principia Mathematica Frankfurt 1986

R II
B. Russell
Das ABC der Relativitätstheorie Frankfurt 1989

R IV
B. Russell
Probleme der Philosophie Frankfurt 1967

R VI
B. Russell
Die Philosophie des logischen Atomismus
In
Eigennamen, U. Wolf (Hg), Frankfurt 1993

R VII
B. Russell
Wahrheit und Falschheit
In
Wahrheitstheorien, G. Skirbekk (Hg), Frankfurt 1996


> Counter arguments against Russell
> Counter arguments in relation to Universals

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-19