Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Inscrutability, philosophy: the inscrutability of reference is an expression by W.V.O. Quine (Quine, “Word and Object”, 1960) for the problem that - even in a particular situation - it cannot be determined in principle to which object the use of an expression refers. See also uncertainty of translation, Gavagai, indeterminacy, reference, translation, pointing, ostension.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
II 33
Inscrutability of reference: no difference: x is a dog or: x is the Rï· Zï· strand that is filled by a dog. - Only Statement about the terminology used and its translation, not about physical objects (representative function). -Inscrutability: In translation or permutation.
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VI 71
Analytical hypothesis/Translation manual/Quine: term by term translation. - Problem: then meaningful sentences may arise which refer to something else. - This is the inscrutability of reference.
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XII 58
Inscrutability/Reference/Quine: goes much deeper than indeterminacy of translation: even within a language, even if apparatus of individuation (plural, pronoun, identity, quantification, etc.) is assumed to be fixed. - E.g. protosyntax: (only strings of signs of one type (1st stage) - in that case, expressions are always types, not tokens.
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ad XII 64
Non-factualism/(s): if something is indeterminate in principle, then there is no fact to explore. - Quine: e.g. if meaning is a property of the behavior, the inscrutability of reference cannot lie in the inscrutability of a fact - because there is nothing to investigate. - But it probably makes a difference whether one refers to rabbits or parts, - or e.g. to the formulas or Gödel numbers. - Because then there would be no difference between them. - Reference would lose its meaning. - But the difference is not tangible, neither through the behavior nor through ostension. -> Indeterminacy. - Formulas: have different properties than numbers.
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XII 65
Reversed spectra/Inscrutability/Quine: corresponds to the problem rabbit/part (Gavagai). - Only that there is no frame of reference (apparatus of individuation). - Can never be found out. - Things are reversed, properties are retained. - ((s) things do not change sides, properties).
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XII 66
Pointing/Ontological relativity/Inscrutability/Quine: you cannot point to absolute location or speed. -Just as you cannot point to rabbits or parts. (> Gavagai).


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Q I
W.V.O. Quine
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980

Q II
W.V.O. Quine
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985

Q III
W.V.O. Quine
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978

Q IX
W.V.O. Quine
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967

Q V
W.V.O. Quine
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989

Q VI
W.V.O. Quine
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995

Q VII
W.V.O. Quine
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953

Q VIII
W.V.O. Quine
Bezeichnung und Referenz
In
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982

Q X
W.V.O. Quine
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005

Q XII
W.V.O. Quine
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-21