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Absolutely independent/independence/Simons: is an object, if it is not generically dependent. - God/Simons: Problem: is it independent of its own thoughts? - In any case, he must be a monad, because the real parts of an object are separated from him. - The extreme strength of the concept of absolute independence limits its usefulness.
E.g. weak independent: a continuant may still be dependent on a process in its interior. - The process must be separated from the continuant (because of the category difference). - E.g. (s) body not with its metabolism (or unity of all its processes or life story) identical. - Process and object can never be identical. - Event/continuant: are categorically different, and can therefore have no common part.
Independence/nature/world/reality/Simons: There are things in nature that do not interact. - E.g. separate point events. - SimonsVsSchlick - SchlickVsSum: if it should not have internal relations, there are no sums in nature. - SimonsVsSchlick: yes. - Popper pro Schlick. - Therefore, difference in shape (with internal relations) meaningless. PopperVsShape theory.
Parts Oxford New York 1987