|Belief, philosophy: attitude of considering a sentence to be true. Unlike religious faith belief is linked to the assessment of probabilities. A belief is an attitude of a thinking person which can usually be formulated in a sentence, whereby the person must be able to integrate the sentence into a set of further sentences. A further condition is that the bearer of beliefs is able to reformulate the corresponding sentences and negate them, that is, to grasp their meaning. See also religious belief, propositional attitudes, intensions, probability, belief degrees, private language._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Rorty VI 179 ff
Belief/Sellars: every belief is revisable.
Rorty17: Belief/SellarsVsEmpiricism: can only be justified by concepts. (s) not through "direct perception", "intuition", "experience", etc.).
Ryle: had suggested to conceive mental predicates like "being convinced", "believing", etc. as expressions of dispositions, however without accounting for the fact that, again, there is an explanation instance, be it in the nature of the Freudian ego or superego.
Ryle: being convinced means to behave in a certain way.
Sellars: goes one step further than Ryle by asking how the behavioral dispositions themselves can also be explained. His tie retailer John developed a kind of theory which specifically refers to the verbal behavior of a community Rylean ancestors.
Action: fundamental beliefs are expressed in uniformity of behavior. This does not mean that no deviations are possible, but only that the representation of a principle is in any case also characterized by uniformity of behavior._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Der Empirismus und die Philosophie des Geistes Paderborn 1999
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000