Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Belief, philosophy: attitude of considering a sentence to be true. Unlike religious faith belief is linked to the assessment of probabilities. A belief is an attitude of a thinking person which can usually be formulated in a sentence, whereby the person must be able to integrate the sentence into a set of further sentences. A further condition is that the bearer of beliefs is able to reformulate the corresponding sentences and negate them, that is, to grasp their meaning. See also religious belief, propositional attitudes, intensions, probability, belief degrees, private language.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

William Lycan on Beliefs - Dictionary of Arguments

Cresswell I 112
Lycan/Belief/Conviction/Cresswell: Lycan's solution is quite different, Lycan thesis the sentence to which the belief is related, is not an entity of public language - rather, it is a kind of brain configuration.
Cf. >Relation theory
, >Belief objects, >Objects of thought, >Brain state.
Brain State/Meaning/Lycan: thesis is not something that has a meaning, but
I 113
a brain state is something that is a meaning.
>Meaning, cf. >Propositions, >Intensions, >Language of thought.
Brain State/Meaning/Cresswell: thesis: there is no way to understand a mental event, like e.g. that broccoli is disgusting, differently than based on any specification of its parts.
>Understanding, >Analysis.
I 114
Solution/Stalnaker/Cresswell: would probably say that mental events should be analyzed in terms of the actions that they have as a result. Then they would again be sets of possible worlds.
>Possible worlds, >Actions.
(s) Conclusion: this is about whether a formalization is possible that does not exclude that someone does not know what he thinks. If such a formalization is possible, then the theory from which it follows cannot be right.)
>Beliefs, >Self-knowledge, >Knowledge.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Lyc I
W. G. Lycan
Modality and Meaning

Cr I
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988

M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2024-02-27
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