|Belief, philosophy: attitude of considering a sentence to be true. Unlike religious faith belief is linked to the assessment of probabilities. A belief is an attitude of a thinking person which can usually be formulated in a sentence, whereby the person must be able to integrate the sentence into a set of further sentences. A further condition is that the bearer of beliefs is able to reformulate the corresponding sentences and negate them, that is, to grasp their meaning. See also religious belief, propositional attitudes, intensions, probability, belief degrees, private language._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Circumstances/Hungerland: E.g. There are circumstances under which I would say that my gardener - an uneducated man - "believes" that the "Nandina Domestica" (whose name he does not even know) should be set to a different place - and there are circumstances under which I would not say it.
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Belief/Grice: three possible cases: 1) One neither believes nor thinks that p 2) One does believe, but it is not the case that one is just thinking of it 3) One does not believe, but is just thinking p - Def "Activated Belief"/Grice: H is to see that Waterloo was 1815._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
H. Paul Grice
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, Hg. Georg Meggle Frankfurt/M. 1993