Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Belief, philosophy: attitude of considering a sentence to be true. Unlike religious faith belief is linked to the assessment of probabilities. A belief is an attitude of a thinking person which can usually be formulated in a sentence, whereby the person must be able to integrate the sentence into a set of further sentences. A further condition is that the bearer of beliefs is able to reformulate the corresponding sentences and negate them, that is, to grasp their meaning. See also religious belief, propositional attitudes, intensions, probability, belief degrees, private language.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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I 50 ~
Belief/Quine/Esfeld: foundation not possible because of fundamental revisability of each belief - confirmation holism: because individual belief can be justified only through experience, each belief can be revised (Type B) - Confirmation holism refers to the belief-system of an individual - justification holism. No belief can be foundation (type A or B).
I 95 ~
intra-personnel problem: changes of beliefs - inter-personnel: communication (same meanings?) - inferential context: linguistic use in the community - Contents: therefore will not be determined in the system of beliefs, but externally - not: which other beliefs the persons have, but: what should they have - therefore belief not in the head, therefore there are identity conditions for them - (for intentional content there are no identity conditions).
I 132 ~
Beliefs/Esfeld: basic linguistic unity because they are the only ones which have the dual character: one can ask for reasons for them and they can even be given as reasons
I 161 ~
Belief/Esfeld: can result in determinations that go beyond what we are ready for-> Answer dependence of our terms: something is only red if it appears red for normal observers under normal circumstances: "it belongs to the concept that .. ": no reduction on appearance! - but answer dependence does not include characteristics in the recipient.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Es I
M. Esfeld
Holismus Frankfurt/M 2002

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-05-24