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Life: Life is the state of being characterized by growth, metabolism, homeostasis, adaptation, reproduction, and response to stimuli. Living organisms are made up of cells, which are the basic units of life.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Paul Graf Yorck von Wartenburg on Life - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 255
Life/Paul Graf Yorck/Gadamer: Husserl simply has no idea of the connection between the concept of [life] and the metaphysical tradition, especially with speculative idealism. At this point, the unfortunately very fragmentary estate of Count Yorck(1), published in 1956, becomes of surprising current significance. The analysis of liveliness, which is the starting point for Count Yorck, as speculative as it sounds, nevertheless incorporates the scientific way of thinking of the century - explicitly Darwin's concept of life.
Life is self-assertion. That is the basis. The structure of liveliness consists in being judgement, i.e. to assert oneself as a unit in the division and structuring of oneself. But judgement is also proved to be the essence of self-consciousness, because even if it is always directed into self and other, it consists - as a living thing - in the play and contradiction of its constitutive factors. For
Gadamer I 256
it applies, just as to all life that it is a test, i.e. an experiment. "Spontaneity and dependence are the basic characters of consciousness, constitutive in the area of somatic as well as psychic articulation, as neither seeing and physical sensation nor imagination, wanting or feeling would exist without representationalism"(2). Consciousness is also to be understood as a life behavior. >Consciousness/Yorck von Wartenburg.

1. Paul Graf Yorck von Wartenburg, Bewußtseinsstellung und Geschichte, Tübingen 1956., S. 99.
2. Ebenda S. 39

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Yorck von Wartenburg, Paul Graf
Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

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