Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Consciousness, philosophy: consciousness ist the experience of differences along with a knowledge about alternatives as opposed to purely automatic responses. See also Intentionality, Identity theory, Other minds, Self-consciousness.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Paul Graf Yorck von Wartenburg on Consciousness - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 256
Consciousness/Graf Yorck von Wartenburg/Gadamer: Consciousness is also to be understood as a life behaviour. "Spontaneity and dependence are the basic characters of consciousness, constitutive in the area of somatic as well as psychic articulation, as neither seeing and physical feeling nor imagining, wanting or feeling would exist without representationalism"(1).
Count Yorck writes: "But now our thinking moves in consciousness results" (i.e.: it is not aware of the real relationship of these to the life behaviour on which the results are based). "The completed direction ((s) distinction) is that prerequisite"(2).
Gadamer: What Count Yorck means by this is that the results of thinking are results only in that they have separated and can be separated from life behaviour. From this Count Yorck now concludes that philosophy must reverse this separation. It must repeat the experiment of life in the opposite direction, "in order to recognize the conditions of the life results"(3).
Gadamer: That may be formulated in a very objectivist and scientific way, and Husserl's theory of reduction, on the other hand, would refer to it in a purely transcendental way of thinking. In truth, however, it is not only the common tendency of Dilthey and Husserl that becomes very clear in Count Yorck's bold and purposeful considerations. Rather, he shows himself to be truly superior to them both. For here the thinking really continues at the level of the philosophy of identity of speculative idealism, and thus the hidden origin of the concept of life becomes visible, which Dilthey and Husserl are aiming at. Cf. >Life/Hegel.

1. Paul Graf Yorck von Wartenburg, Bewusstseinsstellung und Geschichte, Tübingen 1956.,S. 39
2. Ebenda.
3. Ebenda.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Yorck von Wartenburg, Paul Graf
Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2024-02-25
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