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Overdetermination/Schiffer/(s): if causal overdetermination is accepted, it must always be accepted. ((S) second subset of me.) - Then mental and neural causes would not be identical. - One thing should always be added to the other. - A mental event could never cause a body movement, except in the case of causal overdetermination. - Schiffer: this causal superfluity is unbelievable. Overdetermination: simultaneously by causal and mental causes.
Solution: identity of neural and mental events.
Event: these problems only occur when there is an ontology of real events. - (Schiffer: this is not certain).
Property dualism/Schiffer: supposes simultaneously physicalistic and irreducible mental (intentional) properties - SchifferVs: superfluous, which leads to over-determination.
Epiphenomenalism/Schiffer: here the causal relevance is inherited. - Schiffer: then sit is uperfluous in the explanation. (> Superdeterminacy).
Remnants of Meaning Cambridge 1987