|Overdetermination, philosophy: the concept of overdetermination has different meanings. A) The fulfillment of several conditions which are sufficient for the occurrence of an event alone, and whereby no further determination of the actual cause can be given. B) The simultaneous ability to attribute a property and its opposite, as far as this opposite of a property can be formulated. C) If the truth value (truth or falsehood) of a statement is concerned, the attribution of properties to objects which do not change the truth value is an overdetermination. See also indeterminacy, fulfillment, executability, determinism._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Experience/PeacockeVsPerception Theory/PeacockeVsTradition: Experience is more than just perception: sensation-like content, not merely representational: E.g. tipping dice: jumps, the network of lines looks completely different. (Sensation). - Anders: E.g. Rabbit-Duck-Head: the network of lines does not change, therefore the perception theorists might argue that there are two representational components: a) the lines, b) Rabbit Duck Head - Perception Theory: Translation variant: The missing properties must be introduced into appropriate statements. - PeacockeVs: that would only provide a priori knowledge, not empirical, because the postulated experience type could not go wrong. - Vs added terms: they do not have to be available to the naive person, so they do not change the truth > Overdetermination of the representational content. - Overdetermination: the angle can be changed by appropriate overlapping without changing the picture.
Perception/overdetermined/overdetermination/Peacocke: E.g. the angle could be changed without changing the representational content. - Such problems arise when one tries to construct a sensation-like property (e.g.size) as a representational property._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Chr. R. Peacocke
Sense and Content Oxford 1983