Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Turing-Machine: is a model by A.M. Turing (A.M. Turing, “On Computable Numbers, with an application to the decision-making problem”, Proceedings, London Mathematical Society, 230-265 (1936)), which reproduces the process of character manipulation according to simple rules and thus makes it possible to investigate. A Turing machine can, in principle, calculate everything which is calculable. See also model, formal language, system, computability, decidability, holding problem, Church Turing Thesis.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Books on Amazon:
John R. Searle

I 232
A machine that is defined by effects that cannot be re-created from cheese - Computer: is syntactically defined, can be reconstructed from any (cats, mice, cheese) - Syntax is always observer-relative. Not intrinsically - but a heart is an intrinsical pump - even water can be described as intelligent. (lowest resistance).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

J. R. Searle
Die Wiederentdeckung des Geistes Frankfurt 1996

J.R. Searle
Intentionalität Frankfurt 1991

J. R. Searle
Die Konstruktion der gesellschaftlichen Wirklichkeit Hamburg 1997

J.R. Searle
Ausdruck und Bedeutung Frankfurt 1982

J. R. Searle
Sprechakte Frankfurt 1983

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-05-23