|Transformational Grammar: is also called generative transformational grammar or generative grammar. It was originally developed by Noam Chomsky to explain the fact that speakers can form from a finite number of rules an immeasurably large number of sentences. See also universal grammar, language acquisition, grammar, syntax, sentences._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Transformational grammar/Chomsky/Strawson: 1. lexical formativ: do names and general terms correspond, whose meaning is not somehow syntactically derived E.g. "singing", "red", "Mary" - 2. non-lexical: heterogeneous group E.g. "past" for past tense - there is no mechanical process to find the deep structure - "internal representation" not sufficient for the explanation of the skills - transformational grammar provides the basis for determining the
grammatical relation for the semantic interpretation of sentences.
Grammar not circular, because it contains a lexicon - StrawsonVsChomsky: no general theory about the connections of grammatical categories and formatives - only a list of elements without principles of allocation - no transparency._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Einzelding und logisches Subjekt Stuttgart 1972
Analyse und Metaphysik München 1994
Die Grenzen des Sinns Frankfurt 1981