|Transformational Grammar: is also called generative transformational grammar or generative grammar. It was originally developed by Noam Chomsky to explain the fact that speakers can form from a finite number of rules an immeasurably large number of sentences. See also universal grammar, language acquisition, grammar, syntax, sentences._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Transformational grammar/Lewis: (here): no phrase structure rules as basis for each component.
Instead of assuming that its meaning is given. - Grammar: a way to encode meanings. - I.e. a relation between meanings and expressions is a representation relation that is determined by grammar.
Transformation/transformational grammar/Lewis: There are several phrase markers: pn is the surface structure. - p1 represents the expression relative to the lexicon. - p1 is a basic structure (below the deep structure!) - pn-1 and p2 are intermediary structures (these are the deep structure). - Transformation: local restriction of a phrase marker by adjacent phrase markers.
Transformation-free grammar: special case of transformational grammar: without limitation, the sequences consist of only a single phrase marker.
Deep structure/variables/Lewis: there are no more variables in the deep structure.
Transformational grammar/structure tree/Lewis: Simplification: verbal phrase: it is to be converted from the previously inferred category S/N to the current basic category VP. - NP: accordingly becomes S/VP - quantifiers: become (S/VP)/C. - Transitive verbs: become VP/(S/VP). - Lambda Operator: the category that contains the binders becomes VP/S._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Clarence Irving Lewis
Collected Papers of Clarence Irving Lewis Stanford 1970
Die Identität von Körper und Geist Frankfurt 1989
Konventionen Berlin 1975
Philosophical Papers Bd I New York Oxford 1983
Philosophical Papers Bd II New York Oxford 1986
Clarence Ivar Lewis
Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) 1991