Animal/McDowell: it is not true that animals are machines. They can be resourceful, gifted, cunning, friendly, etc. They are simply not conscious of themselves.
An animal can orient itself in its surroundings without an image of itself.
The animal has to deal with a sequence of problems, but does not understand them as a sequence of problems.
Rather proto-subjectivity than subjectivity. No "directionality to the world".
Animal/Human/Gadamer: Human: lives in the world
Animal: lives in an environment
Environment: rush of constraints.
Human/McDowell: essential: "directionality to the world".
Human/Gadamer: "free, distanced behavior". - McDowell: emancipation from constraints, reminiscences of theory.
Animal/Human/Marx: human life is nothing if it is not active. - The worker is reduced to his animal functions.
Environment/Gadamer: is essentially alien to the animal. The "rush of things coming across from the world".
World: can be owned (appropriated by language).
Environment: can only be inhabited.
E.g. Bat/McDowellVsNagel: Nagel Thesis: Bats have a mature subjectivity whose character is beyond the reach of our concepts. McDowellVsNagel: false image of the "non-conceptual content" we might translate into concepts. ((s) know-how))._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Mind and World, Cambridge/MA 1996
Geist und Welt Frankfurt 2001
"Truth Conditions, Bivalence and Verificationism"
Truth and Meaning, G. Evans/J. McDowell,