|Theories: theories are statement systems for the explanation of observations, e.g. of behavior or physical, chemical or biological processes. When setting up theories, a subject domain, a vocabulary of the terms to be used and admissible methods of observation are defined. In addition to explanations, the goal of the theory formation is the predictability and comparability of observations. See also systems, models, experiments, observation, observation language, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, predictions, analogies, comparisons, evidence, verification, reduction, definitions, definability._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Instrument realism: (coming from Dewey): Ernest Nagel, Dummett, van Fraassen: distinction "believing x" and "using the term x heuristically" is completely irrelevant! Merely verbal.
Theory/concepts/Rorty: When developing our theories we came up with nothing better than the phraseology of neurophysiology. Therefore, we knew from the outset that neither greenness nor divine grace nor the class struggle would play a role when it came to explaining our acquisition of the expressions "green", "grace", or "class struggle".
Rorty: (also Mary Hesse): we will never get a meaning of the term "convergence" which also includes terms and beliefs. (But Williams, Nagel and Harman would need that).
Theory of Science/convergence/"make true": tells us that Newton one day had the splendid idea of gravitation. But it remains silent about how gravity managed that Newton came up with its term. I.e. how the world guides us._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000