Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Terminologies: here, special features of the language use of the individual authors are explained.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Frege, German Original "gerade Rede" "normal speech - "gerade" - normal
Normal speech/Frege: literal quote - oblique: analogous quote - oblique meaning (of a word) = normal sense (!)
Chisholm II 146
Frege/saturated/unsaturated: von Husserl: dependent/independent clauses.
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Frege II 58
Hypothetical Judgment/German original: hypothetisches Urteil/Frege: = implication
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I I29
Unsaturated: "capital city of" - saturated: "Deutsches Reich".
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I 72f
Term = meaning of a predicate, unsaturated, predicative, of something - subject matter: saturated, never the whole meaning of a predicate. A proper name (saturated) can never be a predicate. (But part of a predicate). Thought: a part must be unsaturated, as a binder - example: "falls under".
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I 87
Function: unsaturated.
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I 88
Function/Frege: Function sign (unsaturated) e.g. "sin" (sine) - On the other hand: saturated by connection with numeric signs (argument): - example "sin 1" - is each time a number. Value of the function.
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I 89
Thus, we can also call functions self-unsaturated.
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I 88
Number sign/Frege: Example "2" - saturated. On the other hand: Function sign - example: "sin" (sine) unsaturated.
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IV 70/71
Body/Frege: does not need to be supplemented. > ((s) objects are saturated).
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IV 11
Terminology/Frege: "subter: individual/class or subject/term - corresponds to "ε". Epsilon/Frege/ (s): always denotes that an individual is contained, not a subset.
On the other hand: "sub": class/class or term/term - this corresponds to the horseshoe ⊂ (subset).
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IV 73 ff
Mental structure/Frege: 1. type: A u B - 2. type: ~(A u B). - 3. type: ~A u ~ B. - 4. type: ~(~A u ~B) - 1. - 4. are interchangeable in order - 5. type ~A u B - 6. type: ~(~A u B).


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

F I
G. Frege
Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik Stuttgart 1987

F II
G. Frege
Funktion, Begriff, Bedeutung Göttingen 1994

F IV
G. Frege
Logische Untersuchungen Göttingen 1993

Chi I
R. Chisholm
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992

Chi III
Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004

F IV
G. Frege
Logische Untersuchungen Göttingen 1993


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-02-20