|Parts, philosophy: in contrast to elements of a set, parts of a whole can stand in hierarchical relations. There may be dependencies, in particular ontological dependencies between parts and whole, as well as between parts of a whole, because parts may not exist if a questionable part does not exist. See also extrinsic, transitivity, reflexivity, symmetry, mereology, set theory, elements, order, overlap, dependency, ontological dependence._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Part / part concept / ontology / Meixner: no category but transcendental - therefore there are different mereologies (doctrines of the part) for matters, for individuals, for properties.
Part / constituent / Meixner: individuals can only be constituents of individuals if they are also parts of them - so in another possible word there are only counterparts of us - Meixner: e.g. we are not parts, but probably constituents of states of affairs._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Einführung in die Ontologie Darmstadt 2004