Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Deception, philosophy: A deception is an idea that diverges from what would have been expected by the way in which this idea was caused, when the expectation or expectability is based on past experience or shared experiences and expectations of a community of subjects. See also error, causal theory of knowledge, reliability theory, knowledge, certainty, objectivity, intersubjectivity.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
II 132f
Optical Illusion / Escher / Cresswell: problem: if a deception contains an apparent contradiction, there is no set of possible worlds, in which it would be implemented. - Solution: Cut the image apart. - Escher: Problem: to give a semantics for the sentence: In the picture there is at least one monk moving up and at the same time one moving downward. - Wrong: "at least one monk up and at least a monk down ...". Cresswell: there will be sets of worlds in which everyone goes up and some in which everyone goes down. - That seems correct.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Cr I
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988

Cr II
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-17