Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Facts, philosophy: facts are that which corresponds to a true statement or - according to some authors - is identical with a true statement. Problems result from possible multiple counting of objects, e.g. when it is spoken of a situation and additionally by the fact that this situation exists. Therefore, some authors consider the assumption of facts as something superfluous. See also truths of reason, factual truths, facts, truth, statements, knowledge, certainty, thought objects.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

Books on Amazon:
Bertrand Russell
Armstrong II 102
General fact/Russell/Armstrong: a certain large accumulation of facts which is the totality of the facts of the first level - Lewis: if this collection of less than all possible states (facts) is 1 level, then this state of higher level automatically excludes countless states from existence. - Armstrong: the situation with nomic connections seems the same.
Armstrong II 131
General fact/Russell/Martin: this could be a uniformity or regularity, but also different or disjunctive relations. - i.e. a "mixed world": "uniform and/or non-uniform" - the disjunction itself could be general and not space-time-specific.
B. Russell, ABC of Relativity Theory 144/145
Facts/Russell: can never be inferred from laws, only from other facts.
R V ~ 38
Fact/Russell/Stegmüller: inadmissible to regard attributes and relations together with individuals as components of facts - (violates type theory, different levels).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

B. Russell/A.N. Whitehead
Principia Mathematica Frankfurt 1986

B. Russell
Das ABC der Relativitätstheorie Frankfurt 1989

B. Russell
Probleme der Philosophie Frankfurt 1967

B. Russell
Die Philosophie des logischen Atomismus
Eigennamen, U. Wolf (Hg), Frankfurt 1993

B. Russell
Wahrheit und Falschheit
Wahrheitstheorien, G. Skirbekk (Hg), Frankfurt 1996

AR II = Disp
D. M. Armstrong

Dispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996

D. Armstrong
What is a Law of Nature? Cambridge 1983

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-06-26