|Facts, philosophy: facts are that which corresponds to a true statement or - according to some authors - is identical with a true statement. Problems result from possible multiple counting of objects, e.g. when it is spoken of a situation and additionally by the fact that this situation exists. Therefore, some authors consider the assumption of facts as something superfluous. See also truths of reason, factual truths, facts, truth, statements, knowledge, certainty, thought objects._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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FactsPrior: true propositions are in order - but not true propositions. - But also partial sentences are facts - they are not tied to utterance. - Proposition are not tied to uttering: the sun was hot before man appeared.
Fact/Strawson: facts are what statements notice - not what statements (sentences) are - they are not an object in addition to objects - facts and statements fit together, they were made to fit together. PriorVs: then "no facts without statement" (false) and "Facts are logical constructions" (also wrong because they are "in the world").
Wittgenstein: facts are the world, not in the world.
Prior: harmless, they are not "in" sentences either._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Objects of thought Oxford 1971
Arthur N. Prior
Papers on Time and Tense 2nd Edition Oxford 2003