|Facts, philosophy: facts are that which corresponds to a true statement or - according to some authors - is identical with a true statement. Problems result from possible multiple counting of objects, e.g. when it is spoken of a situation and additionally by the fact that this situation exists. Therefore, some authors consider the assumption of facts as something superfluous. See also truths of reason, factual truths, facts, truth, statements, knowledge, certainty, thought objects._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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|Re III 26
Russell: to differentiate fact from the statement. There are false statements, but no "false facts." VsRussell: but the cost of this explanation is that it undermines the distinction between language and the world!
Wittgenstein: has a much more insubstantial view of the statement. Facts are facts relating to objects. Thus, it is characteristic of reality what facts there are. The objects must be common to all possibilities. - Signs: are arbitrary and conventional.
Re III 242
Facts: What makes statements about these things true or false are not the things themselves, but the facts.
Truthmaking: it is not the bear which makes "the bear is black" true, but the fact that the bear is black.
Re III 242
There could be Tarski's theory without any ontological link to facts._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Me I Albert Menne Folgerichtig Denken Darmstadt 1988
HH II Hoyningen-Huene Formale Logik, Stuttgart 1998
Re III Stephen Read Philosophie der Logik Hamburg 1997
Sal IV Wesley C. Salmon Logik Stuttgart 1983
Sai V R.M.Sainsbury Paradoxien Stuttgart 2001