|Facts, philosophy: facts are that which corresponds to a true statement or - according to some authors - is identical with a true statement. Problems result from possible multiple counting of objects, e.g. when it is spoken of a situation and additionally by the fact that this situation exists. Therefore, some authors consider the assumption of facts as something superfluous. See also truths of reason, factual truths, facts, truth, statements, knowledge, certainty, thought objects._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Facts / Geach: 19. century, like syphilis - wrong attempt to reduce hypothetical statements to categorical statements - e.g. the fact of the thunder now and the fact of the lightning after.
Conjunction / sentence / Frege: "p u q" is a phrase that is different from "p" and "q" individually - Mill: ditto: otherwise "a group of horses" would be "a kind of horse" - but not: e.g. "Jim is convinced and his wife is unfaithful "- solution:" the fact that ... "is always to split as a pair of statements._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Logic Matters Oxford 1972