|Syntax: Syntax is a collective term for systems that regulate the composition of signs into linear combinations (strings), as opposed to the semantics interpreting these strings. Syntax questions concern the permissibility, in short, the existence of combinations, not the resulting being true or false of the interpreted formulas. See also proof theory, existence, morphology, semantics, pragmatics, linguistics._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Syntax / Prior: variables and constants belong to the same syntactic category - problem: what is the meaning of the quantifier with quantification over properties? - Should the following variable (to be bound by the quantifier) belong to it? - Solution: if we consider lambda operators as the only operators that may bind the variables, then the quantifier can build the sentence : P (lxfx) (which is equivalent to the simple f) is briefly Pf, all f-s. - The quantifier builtds the sentence. - Syntactic status of Lambda: symbolic crutch - Problem: e.g. Something is not the case: SN: S builds a sentence out of a one-digit compound or anadverb._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Objects of thought Oxford 1971
Arthur N. Prior
Papers on Time and Tense 2nd Edition Oxford 2003