Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Synonymy, philosophy: synonymy is the similarity of meaning of linguistic expressions. The conditions for actual equality of meaning are diverse and vary considerably, depending on the consideration of various aspects such as e.g. regional characteristics of the language use or different size of the subject area in question. See also intension, extension, identity, externalism, opacity, substitution, interpretation, translation, language usage.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Jürgen Habermas on Synonymy - Dictionary of Arguments

IV 28
Synonymy/Habermas: an identical meaning (no longer just a coincident meaning) exists when ego knows how alter should react to a significant gesture. It is not enough to expect that alter will react in a certain way. This is achieved in the different development stages of the interaction:
a) First, the interaction participants learn to internalize an excerpt from the objective sense structure to such an extent that both can combine identical interpretations with the same gesture.
b) Then they learn what it means to use a gesture with communicative intent and to enter into a reciprocal speaker/listener relationship.
c) Thirdly, the attribution of an identical and no longer only congruent meaning of gestures is added.
IV 32
Meaning Identity/Habermas: this cannot mean the same thing as the identity of an object that can be identified under different descriptions. This already requires an understanding of singular terms.
Against this:
Symbolic meanings constitute or create identity in a similar way to rules that create unity in the diversity of its exemplary embodiments, its various realizations or fulfilments. Meaning identity is explained by conventional regulation.
IV 33
Equality/Rule Following/Wittgenstein/Habermas: according to Wittgenstein, the equality of meaning is connected to the following of a rule, namely the identical rule by all communication participants. However, keeping the rule the same is not empirical, but is based on intersubjective validity, i.e. on the fact that a) subjects can deviate from their rule-guided behaviour and b) can criticise their deviating behaviour as a rule violation. (1)

1.Vgl. Wittgenstein, Philosophische Untersuchungen, Schrifen Bd I, (1960) S. 382.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981

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> Counter arguments in relation to Synonymy

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-04-12
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