|Symbols: The concept of a symbol has, in a broader sense, the same meaning as the concept of a sign. The special use of the concept in different authors differs in some respects fundamentally, for example, with regard to which role conventions play in the formation of symbols and whether symbols form a system. See also signs, icons, conventions, meaning, reference, picture theory, representation, substitution, code._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Symbols/Habermas: religious symbolism is one of the three pre-linguistic roots of communicative action; but through communicative action alone, the energies of social solidarity attached to religious symbolism can branch and communicate as a moral authority to institutions or persons.
The irritating thing about this root is the fact that it is inherently of symbolic nature. The cognitive handling of perceptible and manipulable objects is just
like the expression of experiences (...) in contact with external or internal nature; they do not only touch through a language-transcendent reality, but also through a reality free of symbol structures.
In contrast, norm consciousness has no equally trivial non-linguistic reference.
G. H. Mead/Habermas: according to Mead, collective consciousness and the collective identity supported by a paleo-symbolic consensus (...) ensures contact with a reality, albeit not symbolic, but nevertheless pre-linguistic - they are "older" than the linguistically mediated interaction._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981