Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Syllogisms: Syllogisms are traditional forms of conclusions drawn from two premises by Aristotle, whereby the premises and the conclusion have to meet certain formal conditions.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
Hoyningen-Huene II 187
Syllogisms / predicate calculus / Hoyningen-Huene: e.g. All A are B. - all B are C So: Some C are A. - valid in the syllogistic because the premise "All A are B" is to be understood that its truth presupposes the existence of at least one A - in predicate logic, however, it is not valid because no existence is guaranteed by the premise.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Logic Texts
Me I Albert Menne Folgerichtig Denken Darmstadt 1988
HH II Hoyningen-Huene Formale Logik, Stuttgart 1998
Re III Stephen Read Philosophie der Logik Hamburg 1997
Sal IV Wesley C. Salmon Logik Stuttgart 1983
Sai V R.M.Sainsbury Paradoxien Stuttgart 2001


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-23