Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Author Item Excerpt Meta data

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EMD II 325ff
Substitutional Quantification/SQ/Kripke: ontologically neutral, perhaps purely linguistic - truth and satisfaction are defined here - contrast: referential quantification/RQ - refers to objects (world) - referential quantification: no satisfaction, only truth - Wallace/Tharp: thesis no difference between substitution quantification and referential quantification - KripkeVsWallace/VsTharp.
EMD II 330
Substitutional quantification: formulas: that are no sentences do not receive any semantic interpretation here, they have only an auxiliary function - referential quantification: here such formulas define relations and are "satisfied" by sequences.
II 367
Form/Kripke: must include sentence - well-formed/WFF/Kripke: Problem: T(a) ↔ x is not well-formed when x is replaced by strings of symbols that are no sentences and therefore no form.
Substitutional quantification/(s): needs substitution class: set of true sentences from the extended language from the set of true sentences in the source language (it must be unambiguous, i.e. the only such set) - referential quantification: does not need that.
EMD II 332
Substitution Class/SC/Kripke: must not contain any specific descriptions.
II 349
Substitutional Quantification/Kripke: does not interpret formulas at all - but there is satisfaction if there is a denotation relation - but only for transparency.
EMD II 352
Substitutional quantification/Kripke: E.g. Cicero/Tullius: dramatic difference: (Sx1)((Sx2)(x1 = x2 u f(x1) u ~f(x2)) true (not interpreted), but the same with (Ex1) (Ex2) ... false (standard q) - if opacity is to be eliminated from the metalanguage, then its referential variables have to work through denotations of expressions ((s) objects), not only through expressions - then (substitutional) quantification in opaque contexts possible.
EMD II 352
Substitutional Quantification/Quantification in opaque contexts/Kripke: E.g. R(a): may then be explicitly defined when there are suitable predicates in the metalanguage: R(a) applies only if either a) a is a formula of the form P(t) (pseudo predicate "was so-called because of its size") and d(t) is named through the term t because of the size of d(t), or b) A is a formula of the form Q(t) and d(t) is bold - so that R(a) is eliminated as a primitive notation and the metalanguage only includes referential quantification without opacity - meta-language: it had to be expanded: so that the referential variables do not only work through expressions alone, but also through the denotations of these expressions.

S.A. Kripke
Name und Notwendigkeit Frankfurt 1981

S. A. Kripke
Outline of a Theory of Truth (1975)
Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, R. L. Martin (Hg), Oxford/NY 1984

G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977

Ev I
G. Evans
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989

> Counter arguments against Kripke
> Counter arguments in relation to Substitutional Quantification

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-29