|Subject, philosophy: the subject is, in the most general sense, the originator of actions and creativity as well as bearer of ideas, beliefs, perceptions, feelings and moods. In the tradition of German idealism the subject is opposed to the object. More recently, there has been a shift in the focus of the discussion to questions of access to internal states. See also I, self, subjectivity, object, idealism, actions, action theory._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
David Hume on Subjects - Dictionary of Arguments
Subject/Hume: the mind becomes subject, by being affected by the principles.
Subject/Hume is not a characteristic, but the qualification of a collection of ideas. Idea of subjectivity: is then the reflection of the affection in the imagination, it is the general rule itself.
Subject/Hume: itself unfolding movement - the subject comes to unfolding - some content: mediation - problem: with what right do I claim more than I know? - Solution: the subject is certainly given - by reinventing itself, it makes from the given a synthesis, a system itself - (core of empiricism) - (TranscendentalismVs - VsVs: the given does not stand across the subject, the subject is constituted in the given) ,
Given/Hume: flow, movement without identity and without law
Subject/Hume: synthesis of time - Synthesis: sets past as a rule for the future.
Synthesis/Hume: = habit = subject
Mind/Hume: transforms into the subject by the two principles of affect and association.
Definition subject/Hume: the instance that pursues an aim, a purpose by the principle of utility, and establishes connections between ideas.
Problem of the subject/Hume: Because the relations are external to the ideas (the ideas do not connect by themselves) the question is: on which other causes is the subject denpending - (> empiricism).
Unity of the subject: arises because subjectivity is practical and is therefore inseparable from the circumstances and its content.
Subject/Bergson: first a left behind impression by the principles which turns into a machine that works with this impression - subject/Hume: is not cognitive but practical._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997