|Subject, philosophy: the subject is, in the most general sense, the originator of actions and creativity as well as bearer of ideas, beliefs, perceptions, feelings and moods. In the tradition of German idealism the subject is opposed to the object. More recently, there has been a shift in the focus of the discussion to questions of access to internal states. See also I, self, subjectivity, object, idealism, actions, action theory._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Thought / general / special / particulate / singular / Frege: one and the same thought can be understood as general, particulate or singular by various decompositions - by the thought itself is not yet to determined what is the subject.
Subject / predicate / concept / term scope / Frege: E.g. "All A are B". - False: that A would be "subject" and B "predicate" . - Right: predicate is "part of the class" "some" / FregeVsSchröder: "some" is not a subject. - IV 98/99 "some" does not always refer to the same part of a class. - This leads to contradictions when regarded as a subject._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik Stuttgart 1987
Funktion, Begriff, Bedeutung Göttingen 1994
Logische Untersuchungen Göttingen 1993