|Description Levels: Levels result from dividing a domain into sub-domains, for which different rules for making statements are valid. Thus, e.g. other statements are made about sets than about their elements. See also metalanguage, object language, theories, metatheory, metalogic, metasemantics, meta-ethics, meta-level, paradoxes, order, 2nd order logic, higher order logic, HOL, completeness._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Description levels/interaction/communication/Habermas: that interaction participants interpret the same stimulus in a consistent way is a fact that exists per se, but not for them ((s) the interaction participants). ((s) See Exterior/interior/Maturana, Descriptions/Maturana). Application example:
It is not enough to attribute consistent interpretations,
instead, identical meanings must be demanded. The constancy of meaning of the symbols must not only be given by themselves, but must be recognizable for the symbol users themselves. ((s) Only then can reactions not only be expected, but also misinterpretations be made recognizable.)
Description levels/lifeworld/system/Habermas: from the participant's perspective of the members of the lifeworld, it must appear as if systems-theoretical sociology only refers to one of the three lifeworld components, namely the institutional system, to which culture and personality only form environments.
From the systems-theoretical observer perspective, it is as if the analysis of the lifeworld is limited to that of the social subsystems that specializes in the conservation of structural patterns (pattern-maintenance). The components of the lifeworld are then only internal differentiations of this subsystem of the inventory definition.
The decoupling of system and world cannot be understood as a process of second-order differentiation, as long as we concentrate on only one of the two perspectives instead of transforming them into one another. Instead, we want to investigate the interrelationships between the two.
Every new level of system differentiation requires a different institutional basis, and for this transformation the evolution of law and morality takes on pacemaker functions.
Segmental differentiation through exchange relationships and the stratification of tribal societies through power relationships characterize two different levels of system differentiation. For the preservation of the system inventory, social integration (coordination of action orientations) is only necessary to the extent that it ensures the framework conditions for the functionally necessary allocation of action effects. But the various mechanisms are not a priori harmonised.
Description levels/Habermas: Moral and legal norms are second-order norms of action at which the forms of social integration can be studied. According to Durkheim, they become more abstract and more general, while simultaneously differentiating from each other._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981