Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Structures, philosophy: structures are properties of an object, a set, or a domain of objects which determine the constitution and possible formability of this object, this set, or this domain. The properties defining the structure may be derived from the objects, e.g. magnetic forces or electric charge or can be imprinted on the objects such as e.g. the mathematical operations of multiplication or addition. See also order, system, relations.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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GLU 184
Structures/Luhmann/GLU: unlike autopoiesis (sic): structures are permanent. - They serve the selection of relations. - Also, the selection of selections. - Structures do not consist of elements. - (Element: of systems: without duration).
AU Cass 5
Structure/System Theory/LuhmannVsTradition: The structures only work at the moment and for the duration, when the system operates. - Tradition: assumed, structures are the enduring, processes pass. - Structures are expectations in relation to connectivity of operations. - If the structure concept defines expectations, the subject/object distinction is insignificant.
AU Cas 5
Structure/Luhmann: a system can choose from many structures. - E.g. Language: is not limited to one sentence. - The operations of the system require structures. - Subsequently both are dependent on each other.
AU Cass 14
Structure/tradition/Luhmann: earlier, structures were considered as something permanent. - Structuralism/Levi-Strauss: new: there will be a cognitive, analytical element added: structures are also knowledge conditions. - Subject of knowledge can also be science. - Not everything can be connected to everything. - Structures are often defined through expectations, but it would be better if that works differently - but how? - Expectations are too subjective.
AU Cas 14
Structure/Luhmann: should not be assumed as unchangeable. - It is not just about the distinction before/after, but about the determination about processes. - How to distinguish structure and process? - Structure: is only real in the moment of use. - Reality: only the operations themselves - So the system theory of the distinction between structure/process is taken out. - Advantage: then systems are not composed of two elements (structure and event). - Structure: clarifies how an operation connects to the other.
AU Cass 14
Structure/Luhmann: arises from the mixed requirements of specification and generalization.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

N. Luhmann
Einführung in die Systemtheorie Heidelberg 1992

Lu I
N. Luhmann
Die Kunst der Gesellschaft Frankfurt 1997

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-23