Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Author Item Excerpt Meta data

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II 26
Structure / Cresswell: here: functionally compositional E.g. 5+7 = 12- problem: different structures can have the same meaning. - Solution: object of belief would be the structure - problem: how the 12 is to come in? - Solution a) equal sign "=" no identity as meaning, but a predicate that connects structures. - b) that 12 is not the meaning but the reference of "5 + 7". - (Reference instead of meaning). - Problem: if the meaning is not to be the number, but the structure. - Vs: then "+" is there twice (circular). - This is true only if the semantics is functionally compositional - Non-functional view: Thesis: the meaning of ("5 + 7") is simply the structure - (reference instead of meaning). Problem: what is the meaning of the plus sign?

Cr I
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988

M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984

> Counter arguments against Cresswell

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-23