## Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments | |||

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Proxy function, philosophy: proxy function is an expression by W.V.O. Quine (Quine, Word and Object, 1960, chap 2) for the mapping of objects onto other objects and of predicates onto other predicates, while maintaining the truth values of the original attributions of predicates to the objects. The purpose of this approach is the elimination of ontologies regarded as problematic or the elimination of controversial existence assumptions. See also ontology, existence, attribution, semantic rise._____________ Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. | |||

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VI 43 Proxy function/Quine: every explicit and reversibly unambiguous transformation f - E.g. if Px originally meant that x was a P, we therefore re-interpret Px so that it means that x is now f of a P -according for multi-digit predicates - the predicates then apply to the correlates fx instead to x - all sentences stay as they are - observation sentences remain correlated to the same stimuli - but the objects of the theory have changed dramatically - ((s) Example There is a Gödel number of x.) --- VI 45 Ontology/Loewenheim/Proxy function/Quine: the different ontologies resulting from both are unambiguously correlatable - and as a whole empirically indistinguishable. - E.g. Tabhita: only Geach’s cat or cosmos minus cat - distinction: relativistic: by the role that one plays relatively around the other - even link to trained stimuli remains intact - the nodes where we assume the objects are neutral. --- Lauener XI 145 Definition proxy function/Proxy function/Quine/Lauener: a function that assigns to each object of the original theory such a one from the new theory. - E.g. The Goedel number of - to reduce one theory to another. Proxy function/(s): maintains number of digits of the predicates (fulfillment of n-tuples of arguments by n-tuples of values). - Thus it averts the trivialization of a reduction to a theory of natural numbers (> Loewenheim). --- XII 72 Proxy function/PF/Reduction/Quine: must not be reversibly unambiguous. - E.g. irreversible proxy function which reduces a theory of expressions and fractions: Expressions by Goedel numbers, fractions with diagonal process. - Then the same number can stand for a fraction or an expression. - That’s ok, because fractures and expressions are so different that the question of identity does not arise, therefore, the original theory does not benefit from the differences. -> multi-sorted logic - if, in contrast, all elements of the initial theory are distinguishable. (E.g. pure arithmetic of rational or real numbers) you need a reversibly unambiguous proxy function. --- XII 74 Apparent class/Quine: given by open formula - E.g. proxy function can be construed as apparent class, if it is a function as an open formula with two free variables. - (> apparent quantification). _____________ Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. |
Q I W.V.O. Quine Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980 Q II W.V.O. Quine Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985 Q III W.V.O. Quine Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978 Q IX W.V.O. Quine Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967 Q V W.V.O. Quine Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989 Q VI W.V.O. Quine Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995 Q VII W.V.O. Quine From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953 Q VIII W.V.O. Quine Bezeichnung und Referenz InZur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982 Q X W.V.O. Quine Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005 Q XII W.V.O. Quine Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003 Q XI H. Lauener Willard Van Orman Quine München 1982 |

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-21