Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Strength of theories, philosophy: theories and systems can be compared in terms of their strength. With increasing expressiveness of a system, e.g. the possibility that statements refer to themselves, however, grows the risk of paradoxes. Strength and expressiveness do not always go hand in hand. Thus, e.g. the modal logical system S5, which is stronger than the system S4, is unable to establish a unique temporal order. Aspects of strength and weakness are inter alia the set of derivable sentences, or the size of the subject area of a theory or system. See also theories, systems, modal logic, axioms, axiom systems, expansion, mitigation, areas.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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I 66f
stronger / weaker / theory / necessary / sufficient / Bennett: E.g. we can strengthen a theory (analysis) in order to make the analysis sufficient, then we can weaken it, to make it necessary - stronger / weaker / Bennett / (s): extremely strong: logical truth, weaker: empirical truth, which may prove to be wrong - extremely weak: simultaneous truth of the conditional and its converse - supervenience: much weaker than reductionism.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Avr I
A. Avramides
Meaning and Mind Boston 1989


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-20