|Speaker’s meaning: is an expression (originally by J. Paul Grice, “Utterer's Meaning and Intention”. In The Philosophical Review, Bd. 78 (1969) 2, pp. 147–177.) for what a speaker means with an utterance or an action in contrast to the listener's meaning. It may happen that the speaker's meaning, can only be opened up from the circumstances of the exterior. See also to mean, speech acts, conventions, interpretation, intentions, action, communication._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|EMD II 152
Speaker meaning/Loar: a) what speaker means, b) what language means in the community. - The intension (sentence meaning) determines which intentions the speaker can have.
Definition referential qualifier/Loar: that what is connoted by the referential expressions. E.g. the cat that chased the mouse, that stole the cheese - with it the communicative intentions are within reach, which is formed by the meanings of the terms._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Mind and Meaning Cambridge 1981
G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989