|Speaker’s meaning: is an expression (originally by J. Paul Grice, “Utterer's Meaning and Intention”. In The Philosophical Review, Bd. 78 (1969) 2, pp. 147–177.) for what a speaker means with an utterance or an action in contrast to the listener's meaning. It may happen that the speaker's meaning, can only be opened up from the circumstances of the exterior. See also to mean, speech acts, conventions, interpretation, intentions, action, communication._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Wolf II 226
Meaning/to mean/Grice: distinction between what the words of the speaker mean on a certain occasion and what he meant - Kripke: what words mean on a certain occasion is determined on this occasion by these conventions together with the intentions of the speaker and various factors of the context.
Irony/Kripke: does not change the meaning, "a great friend" does not have a "quote-sign meaning", but is determined by the speech act.
Wolf II 237
KripkeVsDonnellan: English is not so ambiguous - E.g. ambiguous language: could confuse "der" and "ter" "der"/Kripke: a corresponding statement is true iff an object is the only one to satisfy it - "ter": here it is crucial what the speaker means - Conclusion: in English there can be a distinction: "ter" is probably rigid: Speaker meaning in all possible worlds: always what the speaker believes - then "Jones said ter man she married is nice to her" is actually not an appropriate representation - therefore Donnellan says that in the referential case it is difficult to speak of "statement" - ("problem of statement")._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Name und Notwendigkeit Frankfurt 1981
S. A. Kripke
Outline of a Theory of Truth (1975)
Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, R. L. Martin (Hg), Oxford/NY 1984
K II siehe Wol I
U. Wolf (Hg)
Eigennamen Frankfurt 1993