|Language acquisition, philosophy: here we are concerned with the exploration of the conditions and processes of language learning and the possible development of theories about this area. See also language development, language, language rules, transformational grammar, depth structures, surface structures, grammar, universal grammar, syntax, semantics, learning, memory._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Hintikka I 264
Language Learning/Language Acquisition/Wittgenstein/Hintikka: when we teach a child a word, we teach a new behavior - e.g. new pain behavior: to make use of the word "pain". The word replaces the crying and does not describe it. The use is not based on criteria, nor on crying.
Language Learning/Language Acquisition/Colour/Rules/Game/Wittgenstein: if the child confuses the colour words, it has not understood the game, it has broken the rules. If it does not guess the weather correctly, it has made a mistake.
These two cases behave to each other like playing chess without observing the rules on the one hand, and playing chess and losing on the other.
Language/Learning/Language Learning/Language Acquisition/Augustinus: said he learned Latin by learning the names of things.
Wittgenstein: let's assume someone learned the language that way. That would be a complete language. Because when we look at it we cannot see that something is missing.
Training/Language Learning/Wittgenstein/Schulte: when a technique is strange to us, we cannot even ask the right questions. Once the use is established it can no longer be questioned. Training: we do not learn any number of basic colors. Non-linguistic is a prerequisite for the understanding of the linguistic.
Characters are not interpreted, but known - practical ability._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Wittgenstein’s Lectures 1930-32, from the notes of John King and Desmond Lee, Oxford 1980
Vorlesungen 1930-35 Frankfurt 1989
The Blue and Brown Books (BB), Oxford 1958
Das Blaue Buch - Eine Philosophische Betrachtung Frankfurt 1984
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (TLP), 1922, C.K. Ogden (trans.), London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Originally published as “Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung”, in Annalen der Naturphilosophische, XIV (3/4), 1921.
Tractatus logico-philosophicus Frankfurt/M 1960
Merrill B. Hintikka
Untersuchungen zu Wittgenstein Frankfurt 1996
Merrill B. Hintikka
The Logic of Epistemology and the Epistemology of Logic Dordrecht 1989