|Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Language/Maturana: orientation behavior - not denotative - Otherwise its evolution is not comprehensible - would otherwise presuppose denotation - Language: connotative: Orientation in the cognitive domain - no reference to entities.
No transmitting information - there is nothing transferred from one organism to another - instead: influencing an orientation.
Instead:preparation of a reference frame.
"Message": it is still up to the listener how he orientates himself - in orientation behavior no distinction semantics/syntax possible.
Language/Maturana: must arise as a result from anything else! The fundamental process is the coupling of ontogenetic structures, which leads to the development of a consensual area.
Language/coverage/cover/Maturana: with action one makes distinction - with that the act turns into a consensual sign - so the distinction is covered - E.g. Object/Subject: arises as a consensual coordination of actions - it covers the action and makes it invisible - subjects cover actions - subjects are not given before language.
Language: no abstraction but physically - transmission/symbolization/meaning/denotation: always secondary for the observer.
Language/Maturana: outside language we cannot distinguish anything- not even ourselves - language presupposes neurophysiology, is therefore no neurophysiological phenomenon itself - words: = distinctions.
Language does not operate with symbols - (these refer to something independent) - signs/sounds/movements: do not constitute words by themselves - and strings of signs do not constitute language action -Language: coordination of actions.
Object in brackets: considers language as a biological phenomenon -> changes of structural dynamics are observable._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Biologie der Realität Frankfurt 2000