Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Avr I 75
Def possible language / Loar: abstract entity, which must still be based on a speaker -
EMD II 146
Language / Loar: Community based - therefore intensions are important -> quantification on the semantic content of sentences - problem: the p-position in the Tarski scheme only allows extensions - Loar thesis: the semantic properties of the sentence components are a function of the propositional attitudes of the speakers
EMD II 149
Language / Loar: maybe a function of sentences on sentence-like intentions (which in turn are functions of possible worlds on truth values) - Language is always relative to a community - not reducible to logical and syntactic terms - factual use is decisive, so psychological terms come into play.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Loar I
B. Loar
Mind and Meaning Cambridge 1981

G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977

Ev I
G. Evans
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-03-17