Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
II 203
Language/Carnap: constructs two symbolic languages. In them he can give an exact definition of "analytic" and "the logical consequence of" etc.
 Then he constructs the logical syntax for a group of language systems that only need to meet certain conditions. The most important one: the logical nature of the elements of this language system must not depend on a non-linguistic factor.
That means that relationships are not readily determinable in natural languages, where pronouns like "I" or "this" occur.
II 204
Language/Carnap: 1) object sentences: affect an object from the exact sciences - 2) synthetic sentences: the formal traits of symbols.
II 205
3) pseudo-object sentences: E.g. "Five is not an object, but a number" - the contentual manner of speech: Pseudo object sentences - formal phraseology parallel syntactic sentences.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Ca I
R. Carnap
Die alte und die neue Logik
In
Wahrheitstheorien, G. Skirbekk (Hg), Frankfurt 1996

Ca III
R. Carnap
Philosophie als logische Syntax
In
Philosophie im 20.Jahrhundert, Bd II, A. Hügli/P.Lübcke (Hg), Reinbek 1993

Ca IV
R. Carnap
Mein Weg in die Philosophie Stuttgart 1992

Ca VI
R. Carnap
Der Logische Aufbau der Welt Hamburg 1998

CA VII = PiS
R. Carnap
Sinn und Synonymität in natürlichen Sprachen
In
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982

Ca VIII (= PiS)
R. Carnap
Über einige Begriffe der Pragmatik
In
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982


> Counter arguments against Carnap
> Counter arguments in relation to Language



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-06-27