Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data

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II 13
Languages​/Black: different if speakers do not understand each other.
II 16
Talk/Black: prevalence over writing -
II 20
New: no fully articulated thought possible without symbolic representation - Words/Malinowski: the same part and equivalents of the action.
II 31
Language/Black: Text linear - thinking nonlinear
II 30
Linguistics/Black: Tradition: boasts about not considering the "impure meaning".
II 63
BloomfieldVs: phonemes must be compared with respect to meaning - only if the examiner finds out which statements are similar and which different in their meaning, he can learn to recognize the phonemic differences. - Nevertheless, pro purely formal SW/pro Ockham: meanings should not be used without need. - One should rather rely on differences in meaning than on substantive meaning details
II 74f
Language/Black: an infinite number of sentences possible - therefore open system like E.g. chess, chemical compositions, tunes
II 87
Def Language/Black: too complex to be definable - Features: anchored in speech - speech act is targeted and self-regulating. Language is an institution (language community) - system built on units - meaning supporting, effect triggering, pliable
II 130
Language/Locke/Black: for transmission of thoughts - (ideas)
II 161
VsLanguage/Black: Berkeley: knowledge confused and obscured through abuse - Locke: ditto - Whitehead: incomplete, only a transitional stage Risk: false confidence in them - Wittgenstein: all philosophy is criticism of language - Swift: Gulliver: abolition of all words ... II 166 Sartre: disgust: Roquentin wants to withdraw into silence.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Bla I
Max Black
Bedeutung und Intention
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, G. Meggle (Hg), Frankfurt/M 1979

Bla II
M. Black
Sprache München 1973

M. Black
The Prevalence of Humbug Ithaca/London 1983

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-03-25