|Sortal, philosophy: Sortal is an expression for a concept that summarizes several countable objects on the basis of common characteristics. ( "varieties/sorts"). The use of the term "sortal" is intended to avoid, among other things, the use of terms such as categories or universals that would require a variety of additional assumptions. See also order, generality, generalization, general terms, identity, identity conditions, criteria, change, classes, categories, universals, conceptual realism, mass terms._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
Books on Amazon
Sortal/Simon/(s): there can be no sortal term "material object" - ((s) because that does not distinguish anything: E.g. a "material object" does not differ from another object "material object".) - ((s) One cannot use a "material object" to distinguish a thing from another material object, but rather from an immaterial.) - ((s) > Bazon Brock: one cannot distinguish life from life) - analogy/(s): there is no category of "similar things".
Sortal terms: are general, so that we still need to provide something extra to pick out an object. ("Second")._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Parts Oxford New York 1987