|Sortal, philosophy: Sortal is an expression for a concept that summarizes several countable objects on the basis of common characteristics. ( "varieties/sorts"). The use of the term "sortal" is intended to avoid, among other things, the use of terms such as categories or universals that would require a variety of additional assumptions. See also order, generality, generalization, general terms, identity, identity conditions, criteria, change, classes, categories, universals, conceptual realism, mass terms._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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KripkeVsGeach: a sortal is certainly not a priori true of the designated object. It could turn out: E.g. Lot's guests, even if he calls them, are not people, but angels. Then why should it belong to the meaning of the name?_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Name und Notwendigkeit Frankfurt 1981
S. A. Kripke
Outline of a Theory of Truth (1975)
Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, R. L. Martin (Hg), Oxford/NY 1984