|Sortal, philosophy: Sortal is an expression for a concept that summarizes several countable objects on the basis of common characteristics. ( "varieties/sorts"). The use of the term "sortal" is intended to avoid, among other things, the use of terms such as categories or universals that would require a variety of additional assumptions. See also order, generality, generalization, general terms, identity, identity conditions, criteria, change, classes, categories, universals, conceptual realism, mass terms._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Definition Sortal/Brandom: is needed to avoid universals: E.g. "dog", "mammal".
Sortal/Brandom: has, unlike a predicate, not only application criteria but also criteria of identity - Aristotle: E.g. chair, not because of similarity but because of function.
Pseudo sortal: e.g. "thing", "object" - presupposition: medium size, dry objects._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Making it exlicit. Reasoning, Representing, and Discursive Commitment, Cambridge/MA 1994
Expressive Vernunft Frankfurt 2000
Articulating reasons. An Introduction to Inferentialism, Cambridge/MA 2001
Begründen und Begreifen Frankfurt 2001