|Sorites: the term is derived from the Greek word soros for pile and denotes the difficulty of specifying the point at which the expression “pile” can no longer be applied because the amount of the substance concentrated on the pile is reduced. A similar problem relates to the delineation of color shades. See also vagueness, limits, indeterminacy, perception, chain closure, paradoxes._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|EMD II 229
Sorites/color/Wright: Tradition: small changes need to be survived by the predicate - Problem: in the end everything is orange and simultaneously everything is red - Suppose f is a term that is related to the predicate F in a way that: any object that can be applied to the F can be transformed into one where the predicate F cannot be applied, simply by performing a sufficient change in terms of f - term f: corresponds to E.g. age in the case of childhood, color, in the case of "red", number of hairs in the case of "bald", etc.
Tradition: according to it, we must regard our color predicates as nontransitive.
Tradition: demands double observability of color predicates 1. as a consequence of our general concept of the use conditions and 2. from the character of our learning (training)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Wahrheit und Objektivität Frankfurt 2001
G. H. von Wright
Erklären und Verstehen Hamburg 2008
G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989