|Situations, philosophy: a situation is a more or less definable constellation of objects, actors, states, events, information and information channels. See also state, process, action, relations, descriptions, communication, context/context dependency, information, meaning, situation semantics, possible worlds, centered worlds, fine grained/coarse grained._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Situation / Cresswell: if they are to be individuals, they must be completed. - It must be possible for a situation without an A to contain an A - but there is no individual whose existence logically isdependent on another. - I 76 bare infinitive: if relation to an event, then not disjunctive. - Event / Cresswell: are not the meanings of sentences. - E.g. someone broke into my appartment: in the sense there is nothing that tells me who. - The entities that are referenced to the bare infinitives are not semantic values of sentences - but of situations.
Def situation / Cresswell: (essentially) a collection of individuals with certain characteristics, where the individuals are in certain relationships._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984