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The distal theory removes the sense organs from their knowledge of the meanings and so from a vitally important theoretical position.
Quine is inclined to the distal theory (nerve endings): "The only fixed points are the common stimulus and the word." The common is the distal. The irritation of individuals can be no fixed points. By this we do not deny the causal role of the senses, but only a certain epistemological conception of this role.
Proximal theory of meaning: like Descartes, Dummett, Frege
Davidson: the distal theory that I want to impose on Quine is determined by the concept of "common cause of utterances".
Der Mythos des Subjektiven Stuttgart 1993
Handlung und Ereignis Frankfurt 1990
Wahrheit und Interpretation Frankfurt 1990