|Sense, philosophy: sense is a property of statements which makes the determination of the truth value (true or false) possible, although not guaranteed. Even false statements make sense; otherwise their falsehood could not be established. What is meaningless, therefore, is what cannot be negated. Statements about the future allow an assessment of probabilities if they are sensible without having a truth value. Wishes and commands are sensible and understandable if they can be reformulated into negative statements. See also understanding, negation, truth values, verification, determination, indeterminacy, probability, Fregean sense._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|EMD II 72ff
Sense/Dummett: property of a single sentence, not full usage of language.
Dum I 122
Sense/Capture/DummettVsFrege: the thought is not presented directly to the consciousness - rather grasping the sense: set of skills.
The fact that the glasses are in the other jacket cannot be content of the consciousness.
Such examples (glasses) lead to an opposite direction according to which language is explained by thoughts that are considered to be language-independent, and not vice versa (> Evans) - Saussure s conception of language as a code will avoid such a declaration - VsFrege: sense of the word is not the same as a part of the thought. EvansVsCompositionality.
Sense/Dummett: from division of states of affairs:
1) where the statement could be misused.
2) where it could be not misused.
ad 1) Statement: false - conditional: false - atomic sentence or without truth value.
ad 2): statement: true, Conditional: true or without truth value, atomic sentence: true.
Sense/Dummett: entirely determined by one knowing when it has an designated truth value and when a non-designated - finer distinctions only needed in complex sentences with operators.
Sense/Dummett: not only through verification method, but understanding what circumstances must be realized - (Goldbach’s conjecture)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Ursprünge der analytischen Philosophie Frankfurt 1992
Wahrheit Stuttgart 1982
G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989