Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Singular Terms, philosophy: singular terms are linguistic expressions for individual objects or situations or totals, which can be determined as something individual. See also general terms, relative terms, abstract terms, reference.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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I 102
Distinction singular/general term: independent from stimulus meaning. - Name or general term for space-time segments: the same stimulus meaning ("rabbitness").
I 212
Difference verb/noun/adjective: less important - difference singular term/general term very important.
I 231
Ambiguity: Name Paul is not ambiguous, no general term but singular term with dissemination - ambiguity action/habit: ice skaters, delivery (action, object).
I 236
Ambiguities:. "one" (can be "any") - "nothing", "nobody" indefinite singular term (E.g. Polyphemus).
I 244
Range ambiguous: cannot be decided by parentheses - indefinite singular term: one, any, any member - "not a"/"not every" - "I think one is so that..."/"is one so that I think ...".
I 258
Indefinite terms do not denote objects - Indefinite singular term must therefore be in a purely denoting position: "Tax auditor is looking for someone" (position denoted, "someone" not denoted).
I 273
Opaque verb: "hunts lions" puts nothing in relation, does not denote a lion - relative term police chasing a man.
I 285
Indefinite singular term: disappears in quantification "something is an x ​​such that", "everything is an x​​..".
I 300
"Now", "then" Quine: singular term like "I", "you" - StrawsonVs: "now" no limits.
"I 311
Singular term: can always be traced back to the form "=a" (unless variable) - i.e. actually general term (Predicate)! E.g. "=Mom", "=Socrates", "=Pegasus".
I 323
Elimination of singular term: fusion of "=" with a piece of text - "=" remains! - Together with variables in predicative position - "=" predicative general term.
I 327
Definitions: Instructions for transformation, restore singular term! - Flexible, without truth value gaps.
VII 144
Singular term/Quine: can be eliminated by paraphrase.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

W.V.O. Quine
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980

W.V.O. Quine
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985

W.V.O. Quine
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978

W.V.O. Quine
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967

W.V.O. Quine
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989

W.V.O. Quine
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995

W.V.O. Quine
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953

W.V.O. Quine
Bezeichnung und Referenz
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982

W.V.O. Quine
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005

W.V.O. Quine
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-04-25